Transportation: Transit Use
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. commented on the failure of public transit to overcome disparities in access to jobs among racial minorities. Several historical studies in the country have pointed to the need to connect central city residents with jobs using transit (Sanchez, 1999). Access to Transit in this study will be measured by Euclidean proximity to bus stops, however other accessibility measures such as frequency of bus routes; proximity to destinations; and congestion time also contribute to accessibility issues.
Sustainability Benefit: Houstonians have moderate access to transit stops that are within walking distance for most areas in the city.
Sustainability Issue: Houston has poor street connectivity and neighborhoods tend to be separated from places of work and school. As a result even though accessibility to bus stops is good, trip times are long.
Transportation: Transit Use in the Sustainable Development Goals
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10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality still persists and large disparities remain in access to health and education services and other assets.
Additionally, while income inequality between countries may have been reduced, inequality within countries has risen. There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufﬁcient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental.
To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations.
Related Transportation: Transit Use Targets
By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status